|Refugees in performance at Karlsruhe's Volkstheater|
It's interesting to see just how sudden the shift to a multicultural or intercultural mode of being has had to be in Germany. I'd been in Berlin a couple of times in the last few years and thought it very cosmopolitan - but that's not been the case in much of the rest of the country. Angela Merkel's decision to open the borders to refugees has had far-reaching effects. Some of the people I met said that it was unprecedented, uncharacteristic of this most pragmatic politician, and morally essential. Others wondered whether there might not be a different agenda: Germany's population is ageing rapidly, and needs an influx of younger workers to sustain it. Either way, the demographics of the country are changing very quickly. Much of the the work we have been doing in Britain for decades, slowly and meticulously with many a setback, they are trying to do very quickly indeed.
Partly for this reason, and partly because of the better funded, more institutionalised nature of German theatre, the bulk of this cultural work is emanating from large public organisations like the Staatstheater. This has many plus points - for a start, the salaries of the professional people involved are there as a given, and they have solid and experienced administrative back-up in place. But there are negative sides to it too: the work feels very top-down, with the projects (many of which are very engaging on their own terms) fitting a pre-conceived agenda. You can see it in the conference plan: Day 1 discussion of policy, day 2 presentations of theatre projects, day 3 seminar on how to get refugees into the German jobs market. Of course there's much about this that is practical and positive - but the role of theatre as a democratic space to re-imagine the city and the nation in dialogue with its "new citizens" (as they are pleasingly known) doesn't get much of a look-in.
The most exciting conversations are with two men from refugee backgrounds. One of them, Ali Kareem, is another of the international presenters. The organisation he represents, Teatro di Nascoto (Hidden Theatre) is a Boalean organisation from Italy, with a long track record of refugee work and a very direct engagement with political institutions. He shows us images of performances in front of the Commission building in Brussels. And he tells us a little of his own life - about his childhood in Iraq and the loss of his best friend in a car bomb attack. This is what he does in performance, and it is deeply affecting.
The other refugee is Ahmed Shah, originally from Iran, who has founded both the Jugendtheaterbüro (JTB) and the Refugee Club Impluse in Berlin. He's very excited that we have been working in Palestine. In Germany, he tells me, everyone is very frightened to approach the Palestinian question, because the paranoia over being thought in any way anti-Semitic is (for obvious reasons) even more extreme than in Britain. "While you were talking" he says, "I wanted to say: 'Can you hear this? Can you hear this?'"